Glossary

    Athlete’s foot

    Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that generally develops between the toes. Its name reflects the fact that people who play a lot of sport are often affected. Athlete’s foot can be picked up in many ways: by walking barefoot at the pool, wearing synthetic socks or shoes, etc.To help prevent this infection, carefully dry your feet after getting out of the shower or pool. Use a clean towel and pay particular attention to the skin between your toes. Wear cotton or woollen socks – they absorb damp, unlike synthetic socks.

    Atopic dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis affects between 15 and 20% of babies. It is a type of eczema that generally occurs between three and six months after birth. Symptoms include redness, itchiness and dry skin. In some cases, weeping or crusted sores may appear. Atopic dermatitis can also affect adults; however, it is less common. If you suffer atopic dermatitis, you should avoid harsh cleansers and use soap-free bar or foam cleansers instead. After washing, pat your skin dry without rubbing and apply a soothing product. We recommend you consult your doctor.

    Bacterial vaginosis

    Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance in the vagina’s microbial flora. Bacteria found naturally in the vagina play a protective role in guarding it against infections.Vaginosis is accompanied by symptoms such as greyish, foul-smelling discharge (with a fishy smell), pain, itchiness and inflammation.

    Hot flushes

    Hot flushes are a frequent symptom of premenopause or menopause, and are sensations of intense heat accompanied by perspiration. They are mostly the result of hormonal changes taking place during this period, caused by decreasing oestrogen levels that affect the body’s thermoregulatory system.

    Chicken pox

    Chicken pox is a viral infection, which generally occurs between 2 and 10 years of age. It is characterised by a vesicular skin rash that spreads across the entire body. It is highly contagious and can cause severe itching (scratching can cause lesions). To soothe itching associated with chicken pox, take a hot bath using a gentle soothing cleanser, then dry skin before applying a calming product.We recommend you consult a doctor.

    Cystitis

    Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. It mainly affects women, and is usually caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and reach the bladder. If you get cystitis, you should drink plenty of water to help flush out the germs. You should also consult a doctor, who may prescribe antibiotics as well as plant-based supplements like bearberry or cranberry for their diuretic and antiseptic properties. To wash intimate areas, you should use a cleansing product that soothes irritations. If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

    Heavy legs

    Heavy legs are often caused by insufficient veinous return. They are the first sign of veinous insufficiency, where veins have problems sending blood back to the heart, causing blood to pool in the leg.You should consult a doctor, who will be able to evaluate the seriousness of your symptoms. Depending on his or her diagnosis, you will be prescribed a massage cream to help circulation, or a veinotonic accompanied by support stockings.

    Atopic dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis affects between 15 and 20% of babies. It is a type of eczema that generally occurs between three and six months after birth. Symptoms include redness, itchiness and dry skin. In some cases, weeping or crusted sores may appear. Atopic dermatitis can also affect adults; however, it is less common. If you suffer atopic dermatitis, you should avoid harsh cleansers and use soap-free bar or foam cleansers instead. After washing, pat your skin dry without rubbing and apply a soothing product. We recommend you consult your doctor.

    Nappy rash

    Nappy rash is a rash in the nappy area that often affects the skin of newborn babies. Nappy rash is generally caused by rubbing or prolonged exposure to a wet or dirty nappy. If your baby gets nappy rash, you should change his or her nappy as often as possible (at least eight times per day), so his bottom stays as clean and dry as possible. You should also apply a product that absorbs damp and protects and soothes the skin in the nappy area. If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

    Heavy legs

    Heavy legs are often caused by insufficient veinous return. They are the first sign of veinous insufficiency, where veins have problems sending blood back to the heart, causing blood to pool in the leg.You should consult a doctor, who will be able to evaluate the seriousness of your symptoms. Depending on his or her diagnosis, you will be prescribed a massage cream to help circulation, or a veinotonic accompanied by support stockings.

    Hot flushes

    Hot flushes are a frequent symptom of premenopause or menopause, and are sensations of intense heat accompanied by perspiration. They are mostly the result of hormonal changes taking place during this period, caused by decreasing oestrogen levels that affect the body’s thermoregulatory system.

    Intertrigo

    Intertrigo is an inflammatory condition affecting skin folds (the armpits, groin, navel, under the breasts or between the buttocks), commonly caused by excessive perspiration. Nappy rash is a form of intertrigo. Products that absorb dampness, protect skin and soothe irritations can help treat intertrigo. We also recommend you consult a doctor.

    Venous insufficiency

    Venous insufficiency is when the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart. This condition occurs when the valves in weakened veins in the legs are damaged and veins remained filled with blood. It can cause pain and heavy legs. Venous insufficiency can lead to heavy legs, venous ulcers and varicose veins. However, sometimes vein diseases present no symptoms at all. As soon as your legs start to feel heavy, consult a doctor. He or she will recommend you apply a cream to help improve blood circulation. Depending on the seriousness of your symptoms, he or she may also recommend a veinotonic or support stockings.

    Lactobacilli

    Lactobacilli are lactic acid bacteria that are found in the human body, in particular the vagina and intestine. Lactobacilli help protect the fragile bacterial flora colonising healthy vaginas. When there are sufficient levels of lactobacilli, they maintain optimal pH levels by inhibiting the growth of pathogenic germs and fungi.They secrete substances such as hydrogen peroxide and lactic acid that boost local immune defences by slowing the development of harmful microbes and preventing them from attaching to vaginal mucosa.

    Leucorrhoea (white or yellowish discharge)

    Leucorrhoea is a white or yellowish discharge secreted by the vagina or cervical mucus. Some leucorrhoea is normal, depending on you and your cycle. If it bothers you, you can use mild cleansing wipes for intimate areas to gently refresh and clean. However, if the discharge becomes abundant, coloured or foul smelling, it is generally caused by a bacterial, fungal or parasitic infection of the vagina.If this is the case, consult your doctor.

    Menopause

    Menopause is the biological end of menstruation, caused when the ovaries stop synthesising and secreting hormones (oestrogen and progesterone).This process begins between 45 and 55 years of age, and is accompanied by symptoms such as hot flushes, psychological changes and vaginal dryness.Hormonal changes mean that pre- and post-menopausal women are the first concerned when it comes to vaginal dryness. It is important to clean intimate areas with a suitably mild cleanser, and not wash these areas more than twice per day.

    Mycosis

    A mycosis is an infection caused by fungus or yeast. Many factors can lead to vaginal mycosis or thrush: the pill, progestins, antibiotics, vaginal douches, synthetic underwear, tight trousers, etc. If you get thrush, you should use a cleanser with an alkaline pH to reduce fungi, in addition to any medication prescribed by your doctor.If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

    Nappy rash

    Nappy rash is a rash in the nappy area that often affects the skin of newborn babies. Nappy rash is generally caused by rubbing or prolonged exposure to a wet or dirty nappy. If your baby gets nappy rash, you should change his or her nappy as often as possible (at least eight times per day), so his bottom stays as clean and dry as possible. You should also apply a product that absorbs damp and protects and soothes the skin in the nappy area. If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

    Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones lose their resistance and become more fragile (modifying the joints). People affected are therefore at much higher risk of bone fractures.Osteoporosis occurs when there is an imbalance between bone being absorbed and bone being formed, which results in bone loss. Bones become more fragile and their architecture changes. People lacking in vitamin D and / or calcium are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis.Osteoporosis is a common disease, especially in post-menopausal women.

    Athlete’s foot

    Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that generally develops between the toes. Its name reflects the fact that people who play a lot of sport are often affected. Athlete’s foot can be picked up in many ways: by walking barefoot at the pool, wearing synthetic socks or shoes, etc.To help prevent this infection, carefully dry your feet after getting out of the shower or pool. Use a clean towel and pay particular attention to the skin between your toes. Wear cotton or woollen socks – they absorb damp, unlike synthetic socks.

    Pruritus (itchy skin)

    Pruritus is an uncomfortable skin irritation that leads to a strong desire to scratch. If it lasts, it can lead to lesions from scratching.Pruritus is caused by different skin conditions: eczema, psoriasis, mycosis, etc. If you suffer from pruritus, use a product to soothe and calm the skin.If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

    Vaginal dryness

    Vaginal dryness is when the vagina no longer produces or produces insufficient lubricating fluid. Vaginal dryness can be the result of stress, lifestyle factors (such as drinking or smoking), medication or some contraceptive pills. Fluctuating hormonal levels during menopause or pregnancy are another frequent cause of vaginal dryness. If you suffer from vaginal dryness, wash intimate areas with a mild cleanser a maximum of twice daily, then apply a soothing ointment. Another option is to use a hydrating vaginal gel.You should also consult your doctor.

    Bacterial vaginosis

    Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance in the vagina’s microbial flora. Bacteria found naturally in the vagina play a protective role in guarding it against infections.Vaginosis is accompanied by symptoms such as greyish, foul-smelling discharge (with a fishy smell), pain, itchiness and inflammation.

    Chicken pox

    Chicken pox is a viral infection, which generally occurs between 2 and 10 years of age. It is characterised by a vesicular skin rash that spreads across the entire body. It is highly contagious and can cause severe itching (scratching can cause lesions). To soothe itching associated with chicken pox, take a hot bath using a gentle soothing cleanser, then dry skin before applying a calming product.We recommend you consult a doctor.

    Vaginal dryness

    Vaginal dryness is when the vagina no longer produces or produces insufficient lubricating fluid. Vaginal dryness can be the result of stress, lifestyle factors (such as drinking or smoking), medication or some contraceptive pills. Fluctuating hormonal levels during menopause or pregnancy are another frequent cause of vaginal dryness. If you suffer from vaginal dryness, wash intimate areas with a mild cleanser a maximum of twice daily, then apply a soothing ointment. Another option is to use a hydrating vaginal gel.You should also consult your doctor.

    Venous insufficiency

    Venous insufficiency is when the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart. This condition occurs when the valves in weakened veins in the legs are damaged and veins remained filled with blood. It can cause pain and heavy legs. Venous insufficiency can lead to heavy legs, venous ulcers and varicose veins. However, sometimes vein diseases present no symptoms at all. As soon as your legs start to feel heavy, consult a doctor. He or she will recommend you apply a cream to help improve blood circulation. Depending on the seriousness of your symptoms, he or she may also recommend a veinotonic or support stockings.

    Vulvovaginitis

    Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vulva and vagina. It is the most frequent cause of itchiness in the vulva area in women. It can be accompanied by whitish discharge and lead to painful intercourse. Causes of vulvovaginitis include microbial, fungal (thrush) or parasitic infections. If you get vulvovaginitis, wash intimate areas using a soothing cleanser with an alkaline pH to help stop fungi from reproducing.We recommend you consult a doctor.